Your GPA (grade point average) is a summary and a quantifiable average of your academic performance measured on a 4.0 or a 5.0 GPA scale. What’s the difference between the two scales you might ask?
First, the use of the type of GPA scale depends on the school. Some high schools use a 4.0, and some a 5.0 GPA scale to report their student’s GPA. So, a 3.0 GPA on a 4.0 GPA scale is equivalent to a 4.0 GPA on a 5.0 GPA scale. Meaning that the highest letter grade on a 4.0 scale brings 4.0-grade points, and the highest letter grade on a 5.0 scale brings 5.0-grade points. Because most universities use a 4.0 GPA scale, most high schools tend to use it as well.
The 4.0 GPA scale is also known as the unweighted scale and the 5.0 GPA is the weighted one. The weighted 5.0 GPA scale takes into consideration the difficulty of your classes, while the unweighted 4.0 GPA doesn’t. The 5.0 GPA allows a higher GPA. Even though it’s quite rare to obtain a GPA higher than 5.0 it’s possible. If you attend a school that allows you to take more advanced placement (AP) classes and award bonus points for them, then, yes you can have an amazing GPA, higher than 5.0.
If you’re still confused about the 4.0 and 5.0 GPA scaling systems, don’t worry! This article is here to be your guide in calculating your GPA, understanding the 4.0 vs the 5.0 GPA scale, and converting your GPA from one scale to another.
A GPA calculator can be used to calculate your high school, college, and cumulative GPA. These calculations are based on your letter grades. The letter “A” has a number equivalent to 4.0 on a 4.0 GPA scale, and the same letter grade has a number equivalent to 5.0 on a 5.0 GPA scale. Knowing the importance of a GPA scale in high school, college, and your future career we’ve prepared detailed information on the GPA calculation process, along with GPA calculators you can use to check your grade point average:
1. High School GPA Calculator
The high school GPA calculator helps you figure out your complete high-school-level GPA. The calculator turns your letter grades to grade points with the help of a GPA scale. You need to add all your classes’ grades and calculate the average. The GPA calculation process is explained in the following table:
|Senior year in high school: First semester classes, letter grades, and grade points|
|Class||Letter Grade||Grade Points|
|Total sum divided by the number of classes||18:5=3.6|
|First semester GPA||3.6|
If you take AP classes, your “A” is transformed to a 5.0 (or 4.5 for honors classes), instead of a 4.0. Therefore, it’s really important to take honors and AP classes for a higher GPA. The GPA calculation process is almost the same, only the conversion from the letter grades to grade points is different. Again you can choose an online weighted grade calculator, or you can follow this example and calculate your GPA on a 5.0 scale yourself:
|Senior year in high school: First semester classes (two AP classes), letter grades, and grade points|
|Class||Letter Grade||Grade Points|
|AP Art History||A||5.0|
|Total sum divided by the number of classes||23:5=4.6|
|First semester GPA||4.6|
Looking good! So, if your goal is to increase your GPA, choose AP, or honors classes!
2. Cumulative GPA Calculator
Use the cumulative GPA calculator also known as high school career GPA to calculate your cumulative GPA. The calculation process is quite simple! Add your semester GPAs and divide them by the number of completed semesters like in the following example, and calculate your cumulative GPA in no time:
|The total number divided by the number of semesters||24.5:7=3.5|
Whether you use some available online GPA calculators, or you do the math yourself, the important thing is to remember the academic importance of your cumulative GPA. So, make sure you check it regularly!
3. College GPA Calculator
College GPA is calculated differently than high school and cumulative GPA. Use the College GPA Calculator or calculate your college GPA, by following this example:
- College classes have credit hours (3, 4-5 if the class is extra difficult or time-demanding). Multiply the grade points for each class by the credit hours to calculate the total points. Divide the total points by total credit hours, and you’ll get your GPA for the particular semester:
|Class||Credit Hours||Grade Letter||Grade Points||Total Points|
|Total points divided by total credit hours||49:13=3.7|
4.0 GPA Scale Calculator
The 4.0 GPA Scale Calculator will help you change your letter grade or percentage grade to a 4-point scale system. The 4.0 GPA scale is identified as the unweighted GPA system. This GPA scale has equal regard for all your classes, whether they’re easy or difficult.
Every high school student aspires to obtain a perfect 4.0 score on the 4.0 GPA scale by having straight A’s. The lowest grade on this scale is “F”, a grade that correlates with 0.0-grade points, and the highest grade is “A”, which equals 4.0-grade points. Usually, the 4.0 GPA scale calculators use the following standard 4.0 grading system:
|4.0 GPA scale (A=4.0)|
|Letter Grade||Grade Point|
5.0 GPA Scale Calculator
Use this 5.0 GPA scale calculator to calculate your weighted GPA. The 5.0 GPA scale also called the unweighted GPA scale grades your classes according to the level of difficulty. Therefore, this calculator will come in handy if you’ve been taking honors, AP, or IB (International Baccalaureate) classes. Once you see the 5.0 scale grading system this calculator uses you’ll understand how it works, and again you’ll realize the importance of honors and AP for your overall GPA.
|5.0 GPA scale (A=5.0)|
|Letter Grade||Grade Point|
Convert GPA from 5.0 to 4.0 Scale
As already mentioned many schools use different GPA scales and calculate GPA differently. Therefore, it’s helpful to understand how your GPA measures up against the competition. To see where you’re at in comparison with other candidates it’s helpful to convert your GPA to a standardized 4.0 scale.
To convert your GPA from a 5.0 to a 4.0 scale you may use a GPA converter, or you can do it yourself. If you want to learn how to do it yourself first you need to understand that not all courses in high school have the same number of credits. Also, you need to take into consideration the difficulty of the courses in question. The best way to learn is by following an example, so let’s begin!
We’ll use the following sample transcript for a better understanding of the conversion process from a 5.0 to a 4.0 GPA scale:
|Course||Letter Grade||Credits||Unweighted GPA||Weighted GPA|
|AP Computer Science||A-||4||3.7||4.7|
If you check out the credits’ column, you’ll see that some classes are worth 4, others 3, and health a mere 1 credit. That’s why you can’t calculate your GPA simply by adding up the 5 unweighted GPA numbers and dividing them by the number of courses. To do a proper conversion try following these steps:
- Don’t use the weighted column
- For each course, multiply the number of credits by the unweighted GPA
- Add all total grade points
- Divide the total number of grade points earned by the total number of credits.
|Course||Calculation||Total Grade Points|
|AP Computer Science||4×3.7=14.8||14.8|
|Divide by the total number of credits||53.7:15=3.58|
|GPA on a 4.0 scale||3.58|
If you think this calculation process is hard, try one of the following US University’s GPA calculators:
- California State University GPA Calculator
- Iowa State University GPA Calculator
- University of Kansas Conversion Chart
- Sam Houston State University GPA Converter
By now you probably understand the difference between a 4.0 and a 5.0 GPA scale. You know that there are plenty of online GPA calculators and GPA converters you can use to calculate your GPA on a weighted (5.0) scale and an unweighted (4.0) scale.
However, it’s important to understand the calculation process on both scales, and the conversion from a 5.0 to a 4.0 GPA scale. Only then, when you have the tools and when you understand the scaling system, you’ll be able to check and keep track of your GPA, and if necessary work harder to boost it.
Leave nothing to chance! Use GPA calculators, or do the math yourself to make sure your grades and GPA empowers you to stand out from the competition!
Also Read:See AlsoHiset in GPA umwandeln
- What Is a Good GPA in High School?
- What GPA Do You Need For Dental School?
What is the difference between a 4.0 and 5.0 GPA scale? ›
GPA Stands for Grade Point Average and is the number that represents your academic achievement in high school. GPAs that don't account for how hard your classes were are called unweighted and are reported on a 4.0 scale. GPAs that monitor how difficult coursework is are called weighted and are reported on a 5.0 scale.How do you calculate your GPA on a 5.0 scale? ›
How to calculate your GPA. Grades used in the calculation if your GPA are weighted as follows: A=5, B=4, C=3, D=2, F=0, O=0. To calculate your GPA, total all the units of A-level work and multiply this number by 5. Then, total all units of B-level work and multiply by 4 and so on.Is it possible to get a 5.0 GPA on a 4.0 scale? ›
It indicates that the student only took coursework with a 5.0-grade point average and received all A's (or A+'s). However, when classes are weighted, perfect straight-A grades can result in a 5.0 instead of the standard 4.0. (or even higher).How do you calculate GPA on a 4.0+ scale? ›
To calculate your high school GPA, add together your grades on the 4.0 scale after converting them from letter grades, and divide the sum by the number of classes you are taking.Do colleges look at 4.0 or 5.0 GPA? ›
Unweighted GPAs are reported on a 4.0 scale and consider all classes equal. Weighted GPAs are reported on a 5.0 scale and consider class difficulty when awarding grades. Colleges consider both when reading your application for admission.Do colleges use a 5.0 GPA scale? ›
A 4.0 scale is common, but education experts say it's hardly universal. Some schools use a 5.0 scale or even a 12.0 scale. Paparella says she's seen some schools use a 100-point scale, much like a standard classroom grading scale in which a 90-100 would be an A.How do I calculate my GPA scale? ›
To calculate your GPA, divide the total number of grade points earned by the total number of letter graded units undertaken.What is a 5.0 GPA scale calculator to percentage? ›
According to the five scales, 93 to 100 percent provides a 5 GPA. If the percentage ranges from 90 to 92 then the GPA calculated is 4.7. This is a common reference and it varies from college to college. Accordingly, the letter grade is GPA 5.0 is A+ and 4.7 is A.Is a 5.0 GPA achievable? ›
Depending on the grading policy of your school, a 5.0 might be perfect, less than perfect, or quite literally impossible to attain. To earn a 5.0, you need to take weighted classes, and, depending once again on your school's policy, you may need to use pass/fail opportunities for unweighted classes.What is a 3.98 GPA on a 5.0 scale? ›
|4.0 Scale||4.3 Scale||5.0 Scale|
|3.84 ~ 3.87||4.12 ~ 4.16||4.79 ~ 4.83|
|3.80 ~ 3.83||4.08 ~ 4.11||4.73 ~ 4.78|
|3.75 ~ 3.79||4.03 ~ 4.07||4.68 ~ 4.72|
|3.71 ~ 3.74||3.98 ~ 4.02||4.62 ~ 4.67|
Do colleges look at weighted or unweighted GPA? ›
Colleges will look at either weighted or unweighted GPAs in your application. They do tend to prefer weighted, because it gives more information about the difficulty of your classes, but don't worry if your school uses an unweighted scale.How do you calculate GPA percentage? ›
The GPA to percentage conversion will remain the same; for every 10 points on a percentage scale (100/10) is ONE point on the 10-point scale. Hence, the formula remains: GPA = (percentage/100) x 10, or GPA = percentage divided by 10.Do employers care about 4.0 GPA? ›
Typically, applicants include their GPA when they have a high GPA, which many experts consider to be in the range of 3.5 to 4.0. Having a GPA in that range can indicate to employers that you put hard work and dedication into your schoolwork.Who uses a 5.0 GPA scale? ›
A five-point weighted average is given to students in an AP class that uses weighted grading for each of the four letter grades: As, Bs, Cs, and Ds. A student who only enrolls in AP courses and earns As will therefore have a GPA of 5.0.What GPA does Harvard require? ›
You should also have a 4.18 GPA or higher. If your GPA is lower than this, you need to compensate with a higher SAT/ACT score. For a school as selective as Harvard, you'll also need to impress them with the rest of your application. We'll cover those details next.What GPA is required for Harvard on a 5.0 scale? ›
With a GPA of 4.18, Harvard requires you to be at the top of your class.Does Harvard use 5.0 GPA? ›
The first and most important criteria for admission to Harvard University is a 4.8 GPA in previous academic education. If the average GPA is lower than the bare minimum, applicants have to compensate with higher SAT and ACT scores.Which GPA do colleges look at on transcripts? ›
Colleges consider your unweighted or weighted high school GPA alongside other grades, including your semester GPA and cumulative GPA. Admissions officers look at your official transcripts to contextualize your GPA and understand which classes you thrived.How do colleges recalculate GPA? ›
Many colleges recalculate your GPA (grade point average) using a 4.0 scale, and then add bonus points for AP, IB, AICE, dual enrollment/college and honors classes to arrive at a modified GPA or HPA (honors point average).What is the average GPA in America? ›
The average high school GPA in the US is 3.0, which also accounts for roughly 35% of students who don't end up applying for college. However, for college applicants, the average GPA is more likely between 3.5 and 4.0.
Is weighted GPA out of 4 or 5? ›
A typical weighted GPA works on a 5.0 scale, which allows for advanced courses (like those in AP and IB) to be scored a point higher than standard classes. So, using the same course list from above: Mario, who only had AP courses, gets a 5.0, 4.0, 5.0, and 5.0.Is 5.0 GPA weighted or unweighted? ›
Typically a weighted GPA scale ranges from 0 to 5.0.
This is to accommodate grades in AP or honors courses, where an A on the weighted scale translates to a 5.0 based on the difficulty of the class. Regular-level classes maintain the typical unweighted scale, where an A translates into a 4.0.
|Letter Grade||Percentage||AP/IB GPA|
A 4.2 indicates that you are earning Bs and B+s in high level classes or As and A+s in mid level classes. This is a very good GPA, and it should give you a strong chance of admission at most colleges. 99.36% of schools have an average GPA below a 4.2. You can apply to colleges and have a good shot at getting admitted.What percentage is a 3.5 GPA on a 5.0 scale? ›
3.5 GPA is a B+ Letter Grade or 87–89% – GPA Calculator.How do people have above 5.0 GPA? ›
A GPA higher than 5.0 is rare, but school point systems are occasionally structured so that students taking advanced classes can rack up bonus points. One student even managed to land a stunning 10.03 GPA by taking 17 advanced classes at a school that awarded bonus points.Is a 3.9 GPA good on a 5.0 scale? ›
Is a 3.9 GPA good? Assuming an unweighted GPA, a 3.9 means that you're doing exceptionally well. This GPA indicates that you've earned all As on average across all of your classes. If you've been taking high level classes, this is all the more impressive.Can I get into Harvard with a 3.9 GPA? ›
If you want to get into Harvard, you should aim for a GPA of at least 4.0. The average GPA of successful Harvard applicants is around 3.9 unweighted, which translates into a 4.15 weighted GPA.Is a 4.3 GPA on a 5.0 scale good? ›
On the weighted scale, a strong GPA could range from a 4.0 to a 5.3 – indicating to colleges that you're taking challenging courses (Advanced Placement, Dual Enrolled, etc.) and keeping up A's and B's. On the unweighted scale, a good GPA could range from a 3.0 to a 4.3, which spans the A/B average values.
Do colleges look at your GPA for all four years? ›
Your cumulative GPA factors in the grades from all of high school. The cumulative GPA, along with your high school transcript of the classes you've taken and the grades you received in them, will be what colleges see. They are not as concerned with individual semesters.Do honors classes boost your GPA? ›
Do honors classes boost your GPA? Yes. Honors classes often boost your GPA by 0.5 points. Finishing with a 3.5 GPA in an honors course could equate to a 4.0 GPA in a regular course.What is a good weighted GPA for Ivy League? ›
Average GPA (weighted) of Accepted Students at Top Schools.
|University||Average GPA (weighted) of Accepted Student|
|University of Pennsylvania||4.10|
|4.0 Scale||4.3 Scale||5.0 Scale|
|3.32 ~ 3.40||3.56 ~ 3.64||4.12 ~ 4.22|
|3.24 ~ 3.31||3.46 ~ 3.55||4.01 ~ 4.11|
|3.15 ~ 3.23||3.37 ~ 3.45||3.90 ~ 4.00|
|3.07 ~ 3.14||3.27 ~ 3.36||3.79 ~ 3.89|
A 4.1 is a very good GPA.
It means that you've either been taking the most difficult classes and earning mostly Bs or you've been taking mid level classes and earning As. You can expect to be accepted to many selective colleges with a 4.1 GPA.
3.8 GPA is an A- Letter Grade or 90–92% – GPA Calculator.How do I calculate my overall GPA? ›
Add up your grade points for each class. Then divide the sum by the total number of credits earned in those courses.Is a 3.5 GPA on a 5.0 scale good? ›
Usually, a GPA of 3.0 - 3.5 is considered good enough at many high schools, colleges, and universities. Top academic institutions usually require GPAs higher than 3.5.How do I calculate my GPA? ›
To calculate your GPA, divide the total number of grade points earned by the total number of letter graded units undertaken.What GPA scale does Harvard use? ›
Can I get into Harvard with a 4.3 GPA? ›
To get to Harvard your GPA has to be at least a 4.0 and even then if you get in your lucky but they require at least a 4.18 GPA only .Which GPA do colleges look at? ›
Colleges consider your unweighted or weighted high school GPA alongside other grades, including your semester GPA and cumulative GPA. Admissions officers look at your official transcripts to contextualize your GPA and understand which classes you thrived.What is the highest GPA you can get on a 5.0 scale? ›
A 5.0 generally indicates that a student took only 5.0-scale classes and earned only A's (and/or A+'s). Normally, all perfect straight-A grades result in a 4.0; with weighted classes, though, perfect straight-A grades could result in a 5.0 (or even higher).What is a perfect 5.0 GPA? ›
A five-point weighted average is given to students in an AP class that uses weighted grading for each of the four letter grades: As, Bs, Cs, and Ds. A student who only enrolls in AP courses and earns As will therefore have a GPA of 5.0.Is a 4.2 GPA good enough for Harvard? ›
In truth, you need close to a 4.0 unweighted GPA to get into Harvard. That means nearly straight As in every class.What is a 7.0 GPA on a 4.0 scale? ›
|Original Scale||Multiplier||EX. GPA on 4.0 Scale|
The admission rates of these schools have an average of merely 7.6%, with only Cornell University's acceptance rate being greater than 10% (and it's only up by 1%). None of the Ivy League schools have a minimum GPA requirement for applications, which means anyone can apply regardless of their GPA.